|Colonial American History Stories - 1763 - 1769|
Teedyuscung, the self-proclaimed "King of the Delaware," had been one of the chiefs involved in the treaty negotiations at the Treaty of Eastwick in 1758. He had fought hard to obtain peace for his people and a permanent home in the Wyoming Valley. In exchange for his work for peace, he demanded that the Wyoming Valley be set aside as a permanent home for his tribe and other natives, that had filtered into the area.
The crescent shaped valley, formed by a depression in the Appalachian Mountain, occupies northeastern Pennsylvania. The cities of Scranton and Wilkes-Barre occupy the central area. The Susquehanna River flows through its southern region. The name derives from a Delaware (Lenape) phrase meaning "at the smaller river hills." At the beginning of the French and Indian War bands of various tribes, including the Lenape, Mohican, and Shawnee had moved into the region. The Iroquois had driven the Lenape into the area and dominated the region. During this period, many peoples quarreled over this desirable land, including New York, the Iroquois, the Delaware, Pennsylvania and others.
Treaty of Eastwick
The Treaty of Eastwick, signed on October 26, 1758, was an attempt by the British to keep many of the tribes out of the French and Indian War. As per the terms of the treaty, the British promised to honor the native's hunting lands in the Ohio River Valley. The twelve-day conference that led to the agreement was filled with many disagreements. Teedyuscung managed to extract his wish of the Wyoming Valley as a place of refuge. It came at a cost. The Iroquois managed to reduce his influence and maintain dominance of the area.
Competing interests among the various elements that desired the Wyoming Valley prevented Teedyuscung's peace from developing. When the French and Indian War ended in February 1763, tensions rose. Teedyuscung's influence had declined, but many still considered him a danger. On April 19, 1763 arsonists burned his cabin and the accompanying village of Wyolutimunk that had grown up around it. The Lenape drifted away from the area as another conflict for control of the area between competing white interests in the region waxed.
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